The Romans believed in many different gods and goddesses. For everything imaginable they had a god or goddess in charge. Mars for example was the god of war. This meant he was good at fighting and it meant that he had most of all the soldiers at heart.
A Roman soldier would hence most likely pray to Mars for strength in battle. And so, the Romans indeed had hundreds of different gods. This entire collection of all their gods was called the Pantheon.
The Romans adopted much of Greek Mythology into their own. They took most all of the Greek gods, gave them Roman names, and
then called them their own. Here are a few of major Roman gods that came from the Greeks:
- Jupiter – Came from the Greek god Zeus. Jupiter was the
king of the gods and god of thunder and lighting. He was the Patron God of
- Juno – Juno was the equivalent of the Greek goddess Hera.
Juno was Jupiter’s wife and queen of the gods. Juno was considered the
protector of Rome.
- Mars – Mars came from the Greek god Area. Mars was the
god of war and Jupiter and Juno’s son.
- Mercury – Mercury was the equivalent of the Greek god
Hermes. He was the god of trade.
- Neptune – Neptune came from the Greek god Poseidon. He
was the god of the sea and brother to Jupiter. He also was the patron of
horses. Neptune’s weapon was a great trident.
- Venus – Venus was the equivalent of the Greek goddess
Aphrodite. She was the god of love and beauty.
- Apollo – Apollo was taken directly from Greek god
Apollo. He was the god of music, poetry, and archery. His twin sister was
- Diana – Diana was taken from the Greek goddess Artemis.
She was goddess of the hunt, archery, and animals. Her symbols included
the moon, the snake, and the bow and arrow.
- Minerva – Minerva comes from the Greek goddess Athena.
She was the goddess of wisdom.
- Ceres – Ceres was the equivalent of the Greek goddess
Demeter. She was goddess of agriculture and the seasons. It’s from the
name Ceres that we get the name for cereal.
- Vulcan – Vulcan comes from the Greek god Hephaestus. He
was the blacksmith for the rest of the gods and was god of fire. The word
volcano comes from the name Vulcan.
- Bacchus – Bacchus comes from the Greek god Dionysus. He
was god of wine and the theatre. He was the youngest of the major gods and
the only one born to a mortal.
of travel because he moves so fast
of the Gods, an elected position)
retired. Replaced by his daughter, Ceres
retired. Replaced by his grandson, Jupiter.
is no longer considered a planet.)
- Ancient Rome w/ Legos Unit Study
- Compare Greek & Roman Gods
- Ancient Rome & Pompeii
- Ancient Rome Lapbook
Yvie is a homeschooling mother of two active, Lego-crazy children! Her family spends part of the year road-schooling, and part homesteading. She follows a classical curriculum, and has enjoyed exploring ancient history with the kids this year. Find her at Gypsy Road or on Facebook, and peruse her Lego-based curriculum at Educents.
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